martes, 29 de diciembre de 2015

Muere Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister

Ian «Lemmy» Kilmister, líder y cantante de la banda británica Motörhead, ha muerto este lunes en Los Ángeles a los 70 años a causa de un cáncer, según ha anunciado el grupo a través de su perfil de Facebook. Motörhead fue una banda británica de heavy metal, fundada en 1975 en Londres.
.Motörhead tuvo un gran éxito a principios de los años 80 con varios sencillos en las listas de venta británicas. Los álbumes Overkill, Bomber, Ace of Spades, Iron Fist, Orgasmatron, Bastards y particularmente No Sleep 'til Hammersmith cimentaron su reputación como una de las bandas más destacadas de la escena heavy metal británica. Aunque su música es habitualmente etiquetada como heavy metal, speed metal o thrash metal (y, a menudo, considerada como una influencia fundamental de estos dos últimos), Kilmister ha rechazado estas dos últimas etiquetas, prefiriendo describir el estilo de Motörhead como "rock and roll", lo que encaja con algunas de las versiones de temas clásicos que la banda ha ido realizando durante su carrera. Las letras de Motörhead hablan generalmente de la lucha entre el bien y el mal, la guerra, el abuso de poder, el sexo, el abuso de sustancias y la vida en la carretera. El logo de la banda, Snaggletooth (en ocasiones llamado War-Pig), una mezcla de gorila, lobo y perro de cuernos gigantescos con casco, cadenas y pinchos, fue creado por Joe Petagno en 1977 para la portada de su álbum debut, apareciendo con variaciones en la práctica totalidad de sus álbumes.

Motörhead  were an English rock band formed in June 1975 by bassist, singer, and songwriter Ian Fraser Kilmister, professionally known by his stage name Lemmy, who remained the sole constant member until his death in 2015. The band is often considered a precursor to, or one of the earliest members of, the New Wave of British Heavy Metal, which re-energised heavy metal in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Despite this, Lemmy always dubbed their music as simply "rock and roll". To date, Motörhead have released twenty-three studio albums, ten live recordings, twelve compilation albums and five EPs. Usually a power trio, they had particular success in the early 1980s with several successful singles in the UK Top 40 chart. The albums Overkill, Bomber, Ace of Spades, and particularly No Sleep 'til Hammersmith, cemented Motörhead's reputation as a top-tier rock band. As of 2012, Motörhead have sold more than 15 million albums worldwide. Motörhead are typically classified as heavy metal, and their fusion of punk rock into the genre helped to pioneer speed metal and thrash metal. Their lyrics typically cover such topics as war, good versus evil, abuse of power, promiscuous sex, substance abuse, and, most famously, gambling. The name "Motörhead" is a reference to users of the drug amphetamine. The band's distinctive fanged-face logo, with its oversized boar's tusks, chains, and spikes, was created by artist Joe Petagno in 1977 for the cover of the Motörhead album and has appeared in many variations on covers of ensuing albums. The fanged face has been referred to variously as "War-Pig" and "Snaggletooth".The band is ranked number 26 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock Lemmy, the sole constant member of the group, died on 28 December 2015.