Janis Lyn Joplin (Port Arthur, Texas, 19 de enero de 1943 - Los Ángeles, California, 4 de octubre de 1970) fue una cantante estadounidense de rock and roll y blues caracterizada por su poderosa voz y gran intensidad de su interpretación. Fue un símbolo femenino de la contracultura de los '60 y la primera mujer en ser considerada una gran estrella delrock and roll. En 1995 ingresó al Salón de la Fama del Rock y en 2004 la revista Rolling Stone la colocó en el lugar 46 de los 100 mejores artistas de todos los tiempos, mientras que en 2008 la ubicó en puesto 28 de los mejores cantantes de todos los tiempos. En 2013 recibió una estrella en el Paseo de la Fama de Hollywood. En 1999, fue elegida como la tercer mejor artista femenina del rock en la lista 100 Greatest Women in Rock realizada por VH1.
Janis Lyn Joplin (/ˈdʒɒplɪn/; January 19, 1943 – October 4, 1970) was an American singer-songwriter who first rose to fame in the mid 1960s as the lead singer of the psychedelic/acid rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company, and later as a solo artist with her own backing groups, The Kozmic Blues Band and The Full Tilt Boogie Band. Her first ever large scale public performance was at the Monterey Pop Festival, which led her to becoming very popular and one of the major attractions at the Woodstock festival and the Festival Express train tour. Joplin charted five singles; other popular songs include: "Down on Me," "Summertime," "Piece of My Heart," "Ball 'n' Chain," "Maybe," "To Love Somebody," "Kozmic Blues," "Work Me, Lord," "Cry Baby," "Mercedes Benz," and her only number one hit, "Me and Bobby McGee." Joplin was well known for her performing ability and skill as a multi-instrumentalist. Her fans referred to her stage presence as "electric"; at the height of her career, she was known as "The Queen of Psychedelic Soul." Known as "Pearl" among her friends, she was also a painter, dancer and music arranger. Rolling Stone ranked Joplin number 46 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time in 2004 and number 28 on its 2008 list of 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. She was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995. Joplin remains one of the top-selling musicians in the United States, with Recording Industry Association of America certifications of 15.5 million albums sold in the USA.