sábado, 12 de enero de 2019

50 años del Lp Led Zeppelin

Led Zeppelin es el primer álbum de estudio de la banda inglesa de hard rock Led Zeppelin, publicado el 12 de enero de 1969. Este fue un álbum que introdujo muchos conceptos nuevos en la música rock, creando una interpretación completamente nueva del género. En 2003 la revista Rolling Stone lo posicionó en el lugar 29 en su lista de los 500 grandes álbumes de todos los tiempos. Un debut más que prometedor, grabado en tan sólo 30 horas en los Estudios Olympic de Londres en octubre de 1968. La banda se encuadra con este disco dentro del movimiento blues británico, al lado de otros grupos como Ten Years After o Cream. Sin embargo, también da muestras evidentes de cuál va a ser su estilo personal: rock and roll impregnado de blues, con riffs virtuosos, folk e incluso influencias de la costa oeste americana (algunos comparan la voz de Plant con la de Janis Joplin).[cita requerida] La mayoría de las canciones aparecen firmadas por Jimmy Page y el resto de miembros del grupo, salvo Plant, que seguía bajo contrato con la CBS. El mánager del grupo, Peter Grant, preparó con este disco el futuro asalto a América. En una visita a Nueva York, firmó un contrato por cinco años con Atlantic Records que daba a Page, productor de todos los discos del grupo, absoluta libertad en el plano musical. Además, les embarcó en una gira como teloneros de Vanilla Fudge, sustituyendo al grupo de Jeff Beck, que se tuvo que retirar a última hora. El 26 de diciembre de 1968, Led Zeppelin debuta en Denver, en la que sería la primera de sus giras triunfales por Estados Unidos. Sobre la portada del disco, la foto del grupo (realizada por Chris Dreja, bajista de los Yardbirds) muestra a los cuatro músicos y una foto de un zepelín en llamas, que dio pie a una anécdota. Durante una gira por Holanda, el grupo se presentó como The Nobs, ya que la baronesa Eva Von Zeppelin, sobrina del inventor del dirigible, se negó a que «unos monos chillones» usaran su apellido. Y eso a pesar de que intentaran convencerla, como contaba Page:

Led Zeppelin is the eponymous debut album by English rock band Led Zeppelin. It was released on 12 January 1969 in the United States and on 31 March in the United Kingdom by Atlantic Records. The album was recorded in September and October 1968 at Olympic Studios, London, shortly after the band's formation. It contains a mix of original material worked out in the first rehearsals, and remakes and rearrangements of contemporary blues and folk songs. The sessions took place before the group had secured a recording contract and were paid for directly, and took 36 hours and less than £2,000 to complete. The album showed the group's fusion of blues and rock, and their take on the emerging hard rock sound was immediately commercially successful in both the UK and US. Although the album was not critically well-received when first released, critics have since come to view it in a more favourable lIn July 1968, the English rock band the Yardbirds disbanded after two founder members Keith Relf and Jim McCarty quit the group, with a third, Chris Dreja, leaving to become a photographer shortly afterwards. The fourth member, guitarist Jimmy Page, was left with rights to the name and contractual obligations for a series of concerts in Scandinavia. Page asked seasoned session player and arranger John Paul Jones to join as bassist, and hoped to recruit Terry Reid as singer and Procol Harum's B. J. Wilson as drummer. Wilson was still committed to Procol Harum, and Reid declined to join but recommended Robert Plant, who met with Page at his boathouse in Pangbourne, Berkshire in August to talk about music and work on new material. Page and Plant realised they had good musical chemistry together, and Plant asked friend and former band-mate John Bonham to drum for the new group. The line-up of Page, Plant, Jones and Bonham first rehearsed in September 1968, shortly before a tour of Scandinavia as "The New Yardbirds", performing some old Yardbirds material as well as new songs such as "Communication Breakdown", "I Can't Quit You Baby", "You Shook Me", "Babe I'm Gonna Leave You" and "How Many More Times". After they returned to London following the tour, Page changed the band's name to Led Zeppelin, and the group entered Olympic Studios at 11 p.m. on 25 September 1968 to record their debut albumight. Page said that the album took only about 36 hours of studio time (over a span of a few weeks) to create (including mixing), adding that he knew this because of the amount charged on the studio bill. One of the primary reasons for the short recording time was that the material selected for the album had been well-rehearsed and pre-arranged by the band on the Scandinavian tour. The band had not yet signed a deal and there was no record company money to waste on excessive studio time. Page and Led Zeppelin's manager Peter Grant paid for the sessions themselves. The reported total studio costs were £1,782. The self-funding was important because it meant they could record exactly what they wanted without record company interference. For the recordings, Page played a psychedelically painted Fender Telecaster, a gift from friend Jeff Beck after Page recommended him to join the Yardbirds in 1965, replacing Eric Clapton on lead guitar. Page played the Telecaster through a Supro amplifier, and used a Gibson J-200, for the album's acoustic tracks. For "Your Time Is Gonna Come" he used a Fender 10-string pedal steel guitar.

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